12/04/2012

Ryu-O Dragon King

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Ryuu-oo 竜王 Ryu-O - The Dragon King

Der Drachenkönig



source : www.butuzou.co.jp

The Dragon King 龍王 (or Dragon God, Ryuujin 竜神)
is a manifestation of the Snake. His realm is the ocean and he can climb to the sky, provoke clouds and rain.


Temples named
Ryuuooji 竜王寺 Ryuo-Ji "Dragon King Temple"

滋賀県蒲生郡竜王町 Shiga

香川県小豆郡小豆島町 Kagawa


. Nine Children of the Dragon King 龍生九子 .


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In Buddhism we have the eight
Hachibushuu, Hachi Bushu 八部衆
Eight Legions, Eight Deva Guardians of Buddhism

. Hachibushu 八部衆.

Acht Gruppen göttlicher Wesen
Auch "Himmlische Drachen" (Tenryuu Hachibushuu) oder
"Drachengottheiten" (Ryuushin Hachibushuu) genannt.


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Hachidai ryuu-oo 八大竜王 Ryu-O
Eight Great Dragon Kings

Eight Dragon Kings
Acht grosse Drachenkönige




source : www.ryu-sho.co.jp

Caraved from hinoki 桧 cedar wood.

Carved at a store called Dragon in Okayama
龍祥
岡山県岡山市南区新保1155-11


. Hachiryuu 八龍神社 Eight Dragon Shrines .

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Vishnu sleeping on Ananta

They are deities from India.


〔1〕Nanda 難陀(なんだ)(ナンダ Nanda の音写。「歓喜」の意)
アナンタ(Ananta)
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〔2〕Hotsu Nanda 跋(ばつ)難陀(ウパナンダ Upananda「弟ナンダ」)
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〔3〕Shagara 沙伽羅(しゃがら)(サーガラ Sgara「海」
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〔4〕Washukichi 和修吉(わしゅきち)(バースキ Vsuki「九頭」)
ヴァースキ(Vaski)
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〔5〕Tokushaka 徳叉迦(とくしゃか)(タクシャカ Takaka「多舌」)
タクシャカ(Taksaka)
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〔6〕Anokudatsu 阿耨達(あのくだつ)(アナバタプタ Anavatapta「無熱悩」)
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〔7〕Manashi 摩那斯(まなし)(マナスビン Manasvin「慈心」)
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〔8〕Ubara 優鉢羅(うぱら)(ウトゥパラカ Utpalaka「青蓮華(れんげ)
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source : 100.yahoo.co.jp

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quote
Hachidai Ryuu-ou (Eight Great Dragon Kings)
are mentioned in the Lotus Sutra (Hokekyo 法華経) and they appear sometimes in Japanese artwork.
These eight are dragon kings said to live at the bottom of the sea, apparently in reference to the eight dragon kings, each with many followers, who assembled at Eagle Peak to hear the Lotus Sutra as expounded by the Historical Buddha. According to the Kairyu-o Sutra 海龍王経 (Sutra of the Dragon King of the Sea, Kairyu-o-kyo), dragons are often eaten by giant man-birds called Garudas, their natural enemy.
The Phoenix is another enemy of the dragon. Nanda Ryuuou, who is one member of the Hachidai group, can sometimes represent the whole set, as he does in the Hokke Mandala 法華曼荼羅.
source : - Mark Schumacher -

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quote
eight great dragon kings
[八大竜王] ( hachidai-ryuo )

hachi ryuuoo 八竜王 / 八龍王

Also, eight dragon kings.
Eight dragon kings who assembled at the gathering where Shakyamuni preached the Lotus Sutra, as described in the sutra. Kumarajiva's translation of the Lotus Sutra refers to them by their Sanskrit names:
Nanda, Upananda, Sagara, Vasuki, Takshaka,
Anavatapta, Manasvin, and Utpalaka.

According to the "Introduction" (first) chapter of the Lotus Sutra, each attends the gathering accompanied by several hundreds of thousands of followers.
source : www.sgilibrary.org

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hachi ryuu nichi / hachi ryuu no hi 八竜日 day of the eight dragons
The first day of the new year, according to the yin-yang philosophy, with the constellation
ki no e ne 春の甲子(きのえね)
first day of the rat and the element water
..... hatsu kasshi 初甲子(はつかっし)

. WKD : first day of the rat and the element water .

ki no to i no hi 乙亥(きのとい)の日 (otsugai)
second day of the wild boar
twelfth of the sexagenary cycle

This day brings bad luck and should not be used to start a business.


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quote
Dragon King’s Daughter
(represented on the Gohonzon Diagram by #22,
the Eight Great Dragon Kings)



Of all Shakyamuni’s teachings, only in the Lotus Sutra do women attain enlightenment. Shakyamuni challenges our misconception that time is needed to attain enlightenment. He also challenges us to realize that enlightened life exists not just in old learned men, but in the very young as well. That’s why there is no distinction among believers. The Dragon King’s Daughter is:

- not fully human
- female
- she attained enlightenment in an instant

Enlightenment is a state of life that is even difficult for Buddhas to fully comprehend. Yet, this state of life is available to us at every moment. The Dragon King’s Daughter represents attaining that enlightenment at this moment and then perceiving our life from this state. We use this wisdom available to us to constantly move our lives in a positive and happy direction.
source : www.gakkaionline.net


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Kairyuuooji  海龍王寺 Temple KaiRyuo-Ji
Nara
奈良県奈良市法華寺
897 Hokkeji Kita-machi Nara City,




quote
Kairyuoji temple,
located to the east of Hokeji temple, was built for prayers for the safety of Japanese envoys during his voyage to China during the Tang Dynasty. The first chief priest of Kairyuoji temple, Genbo, was one of these envoys. He stayed in China for 17 years, together with Kibi no Makibi and Abe no Nakamaro.
During his return journey from China to Japan, his ship was caught in a violent storm, and he chanted the Kairyuo Sea Dragon King Sutra unceasingly.
It is said that the Sutra protected the ship, and since then, prayers for the safety of envoys crossing the sea to Japan have been offered at the temple.
source : www.pref.nara.jp


The tempel is famous for a five-storied pagoda.


small five-storied pagoda 五重小塔


source : genkikidx


Genbō (玄昉, d. 746), also known as Gembō,
was a Japanese scholar-monk and bureaucrat of the Imperial Court at Nara.

In 717-718, he was part of the Japanese mission to Tang China (Kentōshi) along with Kibi no Makibi and Abe no Nakamaro. Genbō stayed in China for 17 years before returning to Japan.
He was a prominent figure associated with the Hossō sect of Buddhism in Japan, appointed abbot (sojo) of Kōfuku-ji by Emperor Shomu.

740 (Tenpyō 12): Gembō made improper advances to the wife of Fujiwara no Hirotsugu, Hirotsugu petitioned for the removal of the priest, but Kibi no Makibi and Genbō conspired successfully to discredit him.
At the time of Genbō's death, it was popularly believed that he was killed by the vengeful spirit of Hirotsugu.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !


. Envoys to China 遣唐使 Kentoshi .

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The three Dragon Kings of shrine Muro Ryuketsu Jinja 室生竜穴神社
(Muroo ryuuketsu jinja)
(near tempel Murooji 室生寺 Muro-Ji in Nara)

Myokichijo Ryuketsu 妙吉祥竜穴
Mochiho Kichijo Ryuketsu 持法妙吉祥竜穴
Sashara Ebisu Kichijo Ryuketsu 沙遮羅夷吉祥竜穴

At the entrance to the shrine is a frame with the inscription
Zennyo Ryuuoo 善女龍王社 Dragon Lady Zennyo



Seiryoo Gongen 清滝権現 and
. the Dragon Lady Zennyo and Kannon .

. 善女龍王 carved by 円空 Enku .

. Zennyo Ryūō 善如龍王 / 善女龍王 .


. Dragon Shrines .



source : nydwyn greendragon


Muro-ji
... by the Shingon Buddhist sect and completed in the early ninth century,
source : www.webpages.uidaho.edu

. WKD : Murooji, Murō-ji 室生寺 Muro-Ji .



Kichijoo ryuuketsu 吉祥龍穴 Kichijo Ryuketsu
Kissho Dragon Cave
an opening in the rocks behind temple Muro-Ji
The other two caves are not found today any more.

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reference : Kichijooten 吉祥天 Kichijo Ten


The Ryuketsu in Nara is one of the three famous Ryuuketsu in Japan.
日本三大龍穴 three Dragon Holes of Japan:

. Kibune no Ryuketsu 貴船の龍穴 . kyoto
Bizen no Ryuketsu 備前の龍穴 (瀬戸内市, 岡山)


. . . . . btw


three great Dragon Deity shrine gates
roomon 楼門 tower gate

江ノ島神社楼門(神奈川)
赤間神宮楼門(下関市,山口)
武雄温泉楼門(佐賀)


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海龍王経
The sutra on the king of the sea dragons is now in the National Museum in Nara.



At the temple Kairyuo-Ji an annual ceremony is held in memory of priest Genbo and the Dragon King Sutra. Prayers are for the safety of the four seas, for those who have to go and come back safely and for those who lost their lives on sea.



Shikai Anon kigan hooyoo 四海安穏祈願法要
source : aoniyoshi


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Shooryuuji 正龍寺 Temples named Shoryu-Ji

文治4年(1187年)城下に青龍が出現し、龍泉の湖をつくり、住んだそうです。
後に和尚が教化し、「八大竜王」としてこの寺に祀ったそうです。
鹿児島県指宿市 Kagoshima
source : 正龍寺


. Temples named Seiryu-Ji .


. Seiryuu, Shooryuu 青竜 / 青龍 Azure Dragon .
Seiryu, Shoryu


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There are also Shinto shrines dedicated to the Dragon king.

Ryuuoo jinja 龍王神社 Ryuo Jinja

. 竜王神社 Dragon King Shrines .


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. Ryuuoo in 龍王院 Ryuo-In - Dragon God Shrine .
at Kinpusenji Nara 金峯山寺 
Dedicated to the Snake Deity Nooten Ookami 脳天大神 Noten Okami


. "Dragon King Dance" 竜王の舞 ryuuoo no mai .
at Shrine Uwase Jinja 宇波西神社
and
Ranryoo oo no mai 蘭陵王の舞



. 白龍龍寿大神 White Dragon God for Long Life .

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goshiki ryuujin 五色龍神 Dragon God of five colors
In the 犬山市 Inuyama region and
金龍神 Golden - 白龍神 - White - 黒龍神 Black - 赤龍神 Red - 青龍神 Green
at 田無神社 Tanashi Jinja -Tokyo, Nishitokyo, 田無町3−7−4

ryuugonsan リュウゴンサン / 龍王神 the Dragon King Deity
Ehime

goshiki no tsume 五色の爪 nails of five colors of the 竜王 Dragon Deity
At the Temple Muro-Ji 室生寺の境内 along the river 室生川 the saint 慶円上人 Keien (1140 - 1223) once passed. At the riverside a female Dragon King 善女竜王 waited for him. He asked her to show her real features and after some discussion, she turned into a black cloud and showed her right hand. It had long nails of about 3 cm in five colors.
Since than the riverbank is called 爪出が淵 Tsumedegafuchi.

. goshiki 五色と伝説 Legends about the five ritual colors .

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. Ocean Dragon King Sutra: Ratnavati .


. Urashima Taro 浦島太郎
and the Dragon Palace .



. Dragon Temples .

. Nine Children of the Dragon King 龍生九子 .


Banryuu 蟠竜 Banryu“Coiling Dragon"
a dragon which is still on this earth, and has not yet climbed to heaven.



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3 comments:

Gabi Greve - Darumapedia said...

Statue of Fudo Myo-O with a Dragon face, maybe the Dragon Deity himself
at
Nanzooin, Nanzoo-In 南蔵院 Nanzo-In, Nanzoin


. Sasaguri 篠栗四国八十八箇所 88 Henro Temples - Kyushu
.

Gabi Greve said...

quilin
The qilin (Chinese: 麒麟; pinyin: qílín) is a mythical hooved chimerical creature known in Chinese and other East Asian cultures, said to appear with the imminent arrival or passing of a sage or illustrious ruler.
It is a good omen thought to occasion prosperity or serenity. It is often depicted with what looks like fire all over its body.
.
Japan
Kirin is the Japanese form of "qilin", which has also come to be used in the modern Japanese word for a giraffe. Japanese art tends to depict the kirin as more deer-like than in Chinese art. Alternatively, it is depicted as a dragon shaped like a deer, but with an ox's tail instead of a lion's tail. The Kirin Brewery Company, Ltd., is named after the animal and uses a picture of one in its labels. They are also often portrayed as partially unicorn-like in appearance, but with a backwards curving horn.

In the Post-Qin Chinese hierarchy of mythological animals, the qilin is ranked as the third most powerful creature (after the dragon and phoenix), but in Japan, the kirin occupies the top spot. This is following the style of the ancient Chinese, as qilin was ranked higher than the dragon or phoenix before the Qin dynasty. During the Zhou dynasty, the qilin was ranked the highest, the phoenix ranked second, and the dragon the third.
.
More in the wikipedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qilin
.

Gabi Greve - Darumapedia said...

Amewakahiko, Ame-Waka-Hiko 天若日子 / 天稚彦  / あめわかひこ
Ame wakahiko / Ame no wakahiko

This oni turns out to be the father of a kairyüö (Kairyu-O, a dragon king of the ocean) who also lives in the sky. This dragon king calls himself Amewakahiko (sometimes Amewakamiko), ...
,
https://japanshrinestemples.blogspot.jp/2017/06/amewakahiko.html
.